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Saturday, 16 September 2017

OAuth 2.0 Introduction

The OAuth 2.0 authorization framework enables a third-party application to obtain limited access to an HTTP service, either on behalf of a resource owner by orchestrating an approval interaction between the resource owner and the HTTP service, or by allowing the third-party application to obtain access on its own behalf.  This specification replaces and obsoletes the OAuth 1.0 protocol described in RFC 5849.

OAuth Introduction

In the traditional client-server authentication model, the client requests an access restricted resource (protected resource) on the server by authenticating with the server using the resource owner's credentials.  In order to provide third-party applications access to restricted resources, the resource owner shares its credentials with the third-party.

This creates several problems and limitations:
  1. Third-party applications are required to store the resource owner's credentials for future use, typically a password in clear-text.
  2. Servers are required to support password authentication, despite the security weaknesses inherent in passwords.
  3. Third-party applications gain overly broad access to the resource owner's protected resources, leaving resource owners without any   ability to restrict duration or access to a limited subset of resources.
  4. Resource owners cannot revoke access to an individual third-party without revoking access to all third-parties, and must do so by   changing their password.
  5. Compromise of any third-party application results in compromise of the end-user's password and all of the data protected by that password.

OAuth addresses these issues by introducing an authorization layer and separating the role of the client from that of the resource owner.  In OAuth, the client requests access to resources controlled by the resource owner and hosted by the resource server, and is issued a different set of credentials than those of the resource owner.

Instead of using the resource owner's credentials to access protected resources, the client obtains an access token - a string denoting a specific scope, lifetime, and other access attributes.  Access tokens are issued to third-party clients by an authorization server with the approval of the resource owner. The client uses the access token to access the protected resources hosted by the resource server.

For example, an end-user (resource owner) can grant a printing service (client) access to her protected photos stored at a photo sharing service (resource server), without sharing her username and password with the printing service.  Instead, she authenticates directly with a server trusted by the photo sharing service (authorization server), which issues the printing service delegation-specific credentials (access token).
Annamalai Thangaraj

Annamalai is working as Technical Lead in Leading Telecom company with 5+ years experience in Identity and Access Management , Telecom and Networks, BigData, Java, Spring, Struts, Hibernate, AngularJS, and Enterprise Web Application Development.

Website: Java Tutorials Corner

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Item Reviewed: OAuth 2.0 Introduction Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Annamalai Thangaraj